Understand the Types of Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery

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Minimally invasive spine surgery helps stabilize the vertebral bones or relieve pressure from the spinal nerves due to conditions such as herniated discs, spinal instability, bone spurs, and spinal tumors. Unlike open surgeries, minimally invasive spine surgery Frisco can be faster, safer, and requires less downtime. Minimally invasive surgeries cause little trauma to the muscles and soft tissues, offering several benefits, including less blood loss and better cosmetic results from smaller incisions. Below are types of minimally invasive surgeries.


A discectomy is a surgical procedure to remove the damaged portion of a bulged or herniated disc. Surgeons recommend this treatment for patients with severe pain that radiates down the arms or legs. The procedure is usually helpful for people with clear signs of nerve compression, such as radiating pain and numbness. Like most surgeries, you need to have tried out conservative treatments first or your symptoms need to be severe. You may need to consult with your surgeon before the procedure to understand the process. Your specialists may discuss the risks and benefits of discectomy, allowing you to make an informed decision.

Spinal fusion

Spinal fusion surgery permanently connects two or more vertebrae in the spine, eliminating motions and improving stability. You may require spinal fusion to correct spine deformities such as scoliosis, stabilize the spine after removing a herniated disc, or restore spinal stability. As with any surgical procedure, there is a possibility of risks such as blood clots, bleeding, infection, poor wound healing, and injury to surrounding blood vessels and nerves. It may take several months before the bones fuse, so wearing a brace for some time may help align the spine.


Laminectomy or decompression surgery aims to enlarge your spinal canal to relieve pressure from the nerves or spinal cord. The procedure involves removing the back part of the vertebra and is only used when conservative treatments such as physical therapy and medications fail to help. Laminectomy is usually performed using general anesthesia so that you will remain unconscious during surgery. Although the procedure is generally safe, it carries various risks, as with any surgical process. Potential complications for laminectomy include infection, bleeding, nerve injury, blood clots, and spinal fluid leak.

Spinal cord implantation

Surgery to permanently place a spinal cord stimulator is similar to the procedure used in the trial period. The difference boils down to the implantation of the generator. A specialist administers local anesthesia at the injection site and then sedates you for this procedure. The surgeon may make a small incision to insert a needle with thin leads into the epidural space. Usually, imaging tests such as fluoroscopy allow the surgeon to direct the needle into the right location.

The surgeon may remove a small bone covering the back of your spinal cord to make room for placement of the permanent leads. For optimal placement of electrodes, the surgeon needs to work with the patient. Finally, the surgeon creates another incision and implants a generator in either the upper chest, abdomen, or upper buttocks.

Consult your surgeon at Spine & Joint Physicians of Frisco to learn more about minimally invasive spine surgeries.